Sex education in India
Talking about sex in Indian society is not a topic of comfortable discussion and then extrapolating the idea to educate young children about sex education is completely unacceptable. Apart from this major challenge lies in educating young children’s based on their age group, because it will be no logic to teach grade 2 students with details of male and female anatomy. In order to effectively make young minds of age group 5 to 10 years aware, one must tell them to know their danger zones and then must seek help or run once they feel uncomfortable about someone’s touch. These methodologies to educate children’s are implemented at primary level in schools, which as believed is at individual institutional level. Because as per Council of Board of School Education (COBSE) in India, the introduction of education on sex is strictly restricted to age group between 10-19 years onwards.
In the 21st century, the government and other non-government organization are practicing methods to impart topics related to sex awareness in an education system, to surpass the traditional way of girl to girl talk or discussion among peer thus leading to misconception and hypothetical beliefs. The discussions rambled like every girl carries a zygote in her womb since birth and develops further as she grows until a baby is born. The convenient ideology on making children aware of sex in the current system is not by educating them; rather it is by passing them the heritage of fear prevailing along ages on how society will react once they break the barrier.
As per the Times of India article published on 10th April 2007, more than 53% of child abuse cases have been reported in India and same is shared by Infochange India in March 2011. What could be a possible reason for child abuse? Is it illiteracy? Certainly not, because as per an article published on 21st June 2015 by The New Indian Express, in Kerala (the most literate state) itself the reported number of child abuse cases have outnumbered 70 %. So who are these people? Where are they present? Such questions are unanswered because they are either sexually deprived or desperate adults present in any possible form amongst our neighborhood. As most of the cases have reported that the suspect was a known person to the victim.
Why is it not stopping? One of the reasons could be the possibly due to the improper definition of laws against such criminated act. For instance, in Indian Penal Court (IPC) Act 354, the punishment for accused is levied with a weak penalty as this offense is defined as compoundable. And IPC 377 Act is not defining sexual abuse of children as something heinous to criminalize it. So implicitly the law passed is protecting the accused and the end sufferer (victim) is left unattended, which is not what is practiced by US Department of Health and Human Service under The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA). They provide medical aid to the victim, counsel them and educate them to make them live independently.
Second reason is inefficiency to spread sex awareness among the young generation. The reason behind it is the opposition by the social activists, who are raising their voice against the belief to introduce sex education in the academic system. On a lighter note, this may be because now the kids of Savita aunty understand that the next door uncle was not asking for a bowl of sugar and the magic balloon at their home was none other than a condom.
Pranav Dubey (Thatmate team member)
Passion to live as a #iitian and a dream to chase #findinggolu aspired him to share his thoughts and add value to social awareness by penning his skillset to something of more worth.(Twitter: @thatmateteam)