The mind and heart

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For many years, it was believed that depression is only an illness of the mind. But recent studies have proved that it could very well be an illness of the body as well. It isn’t limited to emotional and mental factors but could be affecting the entire organism as a whole.

The University of Granada, Spain is leading a research where experts are trying to identify the links between the effects of depression on the mind as well as the body. This study could bring to light many other factors related to depression such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and high mortality rates in patients suffering from this mental health disorder due to high levels of oxidative stress.

Oxidative stress is caused due to the production of free radicals and the body’s inability to counteract the harmful effects through neutralization of antioxidants leading to an imbalance. Approximately 4000 participants were studied as part of this research and it was found that those undergoing treatment for depression showed reduced levels of malondialdehyde which indicated the lack of oxygen in the cell membranes. On the other hand, those who are suffering from depression and did not receive treatment displayed a higher level of malondialdehyde in their body.  The study also proved that along with treatment for depression, the level of antioxidants in the body also increased thus helping to restore balance.

To summarise, this study helped researchers understand how depression can lead to oxidative stress in the body which further leads to other physical health problems some as serious as cancer. It can hence be understood that depression is as much an illness of the body as it is of the mind.

There have also been other researches that are studying other health problems associated with depression such as back aches, heart problems etc. Some studies have also proposed that stress is the factor that leads to both depression as well as physical health problems suggesting that depression may not be the cause, but in fact it is a larger problem in the whole that is affecting the mental and physical health of individuals.

There are many advances being made in the study of psychology and the symptoms, causes and effects of depression. However, the fact still remains that depression is a very common problem in society affecting a large part of the population and yet many often turn a blind eye to it. Through these studies scientists are trying to prove the connection between the mind and body with the hope that people will begin to give equal importance to mental as well as physical health.

Source: acciohealth

Menstruation and Women

ऋषि पंचमी व्रत के अनुसार “शास्त्रों में लिखा है कि रजस्वला स्त्री पहले दिन चंडालिनी, दूसरे दिन ब्रह्म हत्यारनी, तीसरे दिन पवित्र धोबिन के समान होती है।” ये कौन से शास्त्र हैं जो स्त्री को उपरोक्त उपमाएं देकर उसका अपमान कर रहे हैं? क्या है ऋषि पंचमी व्रत और इसका उद्देश्य क्या है? वास्तव में हिन्दू धर्म में वर्णित ऋषि पंचमी व्रत का उद्देश्य है मासिक धर्म के समय स्त्री पर लगे पाप से छुटकारा पाना, ये व्रत स्त्रियों द्वारा भाद्रपद शुक्ल पक्ष पंचमी को किया जाता है। 21वीं सदी में रजोधर्म को पाप-पुण्य से जोड़ना कितना पिछड़ा और अप्रासंगिक लगता है लेकिन वास्तविकता ये है कि अधिकांश भारतीय समाज में आज भी ऐसी रूढ़िवादी परम्पराओं का बड़ी निष्ठा से पालन किया जाता है। उन परम्पराओं में सभी बातें पूर्णतः नकारात्मक नहीं हैं। कुछेक बातें स्त्री, स्वास्थ्य या आराम से सम्बंधित भी हैं।

PMS1

उदाहरण के लिए हम ऋषि पंचमी व्रत कथा को लेते हैं जिसका संक्षिप्त वर्णन इस प्रकार है- “एक समय विदर्भ देश में एक ब्राह्मण अपनी स्त्री तथा पुत्र-पुत्री के साथ रहता था। पुत्री विधवा थी। एक बार वह एक शिला पर लेटी आराम कर रही थी कि उसके शरीर में कीड़े पड़ गए। यह सब ब्राह्मण ने देखा और इसका कारण पता लगाया तो ज्ञात हुआ कि पूर्व जन्म में इसने रजस्वला होते हुए भी घर के बर्तन आदि छू कर पाप किया था।” यह कथा भगवान कृष्ण ने युधिष्ठिर को सुनाई थी। जो स्त्री रजस्वला होते हुए भी घर के काम करती है वो नरक को जाती है। पूर्व जन्म में वृजासुर का वध करने के कारण इन्द्र को ब्रह्म हत्या का महान पाप लगा था। उस समय ब्रह्मा जी ने उस पर कृपा करके उस पाप को चार स्थानों में बांट दिया था यथा- यथा अग्नि (धूम से मिश्रित प्रथम ज्वाला), नदियों (वर्षाकाल के पंकिल जल), पर्वतों (जहाँ गोंद वाले वृक्ष उगते हैं) में तथा स्त्रियों (रजस्वला) में। अत: मासिक धर्म के समय लगे पाप से छुटकारा पाने के लिए यह व्रत स्त्रियों द्वारा किया जाना चाहिए। इस कहानी में हमें एक सकारात्मक बात यह देखने को मिलती है कि संभवतः ये परम्पराएं स्त्री के स्वास्थ्य व आराम को ध्यान में रखते हुए बनाई गयी होंगी, जिसमे स्त्रियों को शारीरिक कार्य करना वर्जित था। किन्तु साथ ही एक नकारात्मक बात यह भी उभर कर आती है कि स्त्री स्वास्थ्य को पाप-पुण्य से क्यों जोड़ा जाए? किसी जैविक प्रकिया को धार्मिक क्यों बनाया जाए?

PMS2

स्त्रियां आज भी इन्हीं दकियानूसी परम्पराओं से मुक्ति पाने के लिए संघर्षरत हैं। इसका एक उदाहरण स्त्रियों का शनि मंदिर में प्रवेश को लेकर संघर्ष था। वास्तव में ये संघर्ष किसी पूजा पाठ से कम सम्बद्ध था और नज़दीकी से ये इस बात से सम्बद्ध था कि एक हेल्थ हाईजीन का मुद्दा स्त्रियों को गुलाम बनाने की वजह क्यों बन रहा है? किसी स्थान पर प्रवेश को निषिद्ध करने का कारण क्यों बन रहा है? इसीलिए ये संघर्ष सटीक भी था। हमें ऐसी सभी रूढ़ियों का विरोध करना होगा, आज़ादी चाहिए ऐसी सभी रूढ़िवादी और बेतुकी परम्पराओं से। निर्माण करना होगा एक ऐसे समाज का जिसमें सभी को मासिक धर्म से सम्बंधित आवश्यक बातों से अवगत कराया जाए, इसे स्वास्थ्य से ही जोड़ कर देखा जाए। इसे हव्वा बनाकर रखने के बजाय इसपर खुलकर बातचीत की जाए।

साभार – मेदिनी पाण्डेय

Prostate Awareness - ThatMate

Prostrate Cancer and You!

Prostate cancer is actually a disease where cancer establishes in the prostate, a gland in the male procreative system. Cancer cells could disperse from the prostate to other parts of the body , especially the bones. It can also spread to the lymph nodules. Men over 50 are at the greatest risk of prostate cancer. Nevertheless, a lot of males who suffering from prostate cancer never ever displayed any symptoms and end up noticing it when it’s too late.

When cells in the prostate develop at a fast rate, they form several little malignant cysts. Left untreated, it will metastasize and spread to other body organs through the bloodstream and lymphatic system.

Prostrate Cancer: Who Is At Risk

1. Age: Men over 50 are at a greater risk of prostate cancer.
2. Family tree: Prostate cancer is hereditary. If your father or grandfather had it, you are at greater risk.
3. Nationality: African American males have higher rates of this cancer.
4. Diet: An unhealthy diet high in processed foods can likely exacerbate the likelihood of getting cancer.

Some Common Symptoms

* A need to pee often, especially during the night;
* Trouble beginning urination;
* Lack of ability to pee;
* Weak or even disrupted circulation of pee;
* Distressing or burning while peeing;
* Erectile dysfunction;
* Painful ejaculation;
* Blood in urine or sperm; or
* Discomfort in the back, hips, or top thighs.

Procedure from prostate cancer cells

Prostate cancer therapy normally depends on many various factors existing in each instance of the illness. The type of prostate cancer, the size of the cancer cells, its own place, at the same time the health and wellness disorder of the person all play a part in just how prostate cancer cells will definitely be dealt with. Typically, prostate cancer is actually a slow-moving advancing ailment although this is actually certainly not always the case, but this is no reason to hesitate. Treatment costs are actually extremely high if treatment begins while the cancer cells remains in its onset, yet drop considerably as soon as the cancer techniques. Get evaluated today – no discomfort, much increase!

Undoubtedly, the earlier prostate cancer is actually located and also diagnosed, the much better the chance from recovery. Results in prostate cancer therapy are going to depend on a variety of aspects including the development of the illness after discovery, where the cancer cells lies, the age and also health of the person, and also how it reacts to procedure.

Treatments besides traditional western medicine are actually usually considered “alternative therapies.” They typically are actually certainly not backed by medical records yet by years of use. Some alternate therapies are hundreds of years old. These medicines do not have any kind of injury whatsoever they are actually organic procedures.

Source: letstalkaboutsex.org

STDs and other stuff - ThatMate

Sexual Health for Men

Have you ever noticed that most of the information on the Internet regarding sexual health is mostly focused on women? What I want to focus on here are what I believe to be the main issues revolving around the sexual health of men, whether gay or straight.  Men must be made aware of the issues surrounding their sexual health and what they can do to improve it.

Men’s Sexuality and Physical Health

As any man who is out of shape will know, sex requires a lot of energy. A man really out of shape may even be unable to finish a romping session due to exhaustion or being out of breath. Here’s what to do in the areas of physical health to have a better sexual life.

Cardiovascular health is essential to having a healthy sex life. If you are out of breath after one or two minutes then the experience is not going to be enjoyable for you or your partner. Daily cardiovascular exercise getting your heart rate up and keeping it elevated for at least 20 minutes will have very positive effects on your sex life.

In addition, being weak and out of shape makes one more susceptible to contracting diseases, including sexually related ones. Being in good physical shape will also help keep one sexually healthy.

 

Men’s Sexuality and Psychological Well-being

Psychological health issues are going to affect one’s sexual life. Depression, panic attacks, anxiety, and low self-esteem will all have a direct impact on one’s sex life. It’s likely that in some cases what is thought to be erectile dysfunction is actually just a result of performance anxiety or low self-esteem.

Men’s Sexuality and Social Life

A healthy social life leads to a healthy sex life, and the opposite is true as well. Eating well, treating others well, and not abusing alcohol and drugs all support a healthy sex life. And alternatively, not taking good care of oneself socially, abusing alcohol and drugs, and being promiscuous will all contribute to an unhealthy sex life.

Typical Sexual Disorders and Dysfunction

There are a few ejaculation disorders that a man should share with his primary care physician if he feels he is displaying any of them. They are, premature ejaculation, retrograde ejaculation, and retarded ejaculation. Each of these are treatable with the help of a physician. Premature ejaculation is related to loss of control, while retarded ejaculation is likely due to lack of arousal or the inability to be aroused. Retrograde ejaculation is where the ejaculate does not exit the body. If you feel you’re dealing with any of these you should contact your physician immediately.

Erectile dysfunction is another common issue related to men’s sexual health. The causes for this vary. Consult your physician if you feel you are suffering from ED. There are therapy and medications that can help manage this dysfunction.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

A monogamous couple who are both disease-free do not have to worry about sexually transmitted diseases and infections. However, anyone in the habit of being sexually active with multiple partners, especially ones who are strangers or acquaintances, is at risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection. The solution here is quite simple. Always practice safe sex by using a condom.

Source: http://letstalkaboutsex.org/

Surrogacy

SURROGACY IS A BOON AND NOT A BANE!

Assisted Reproductive Technology was good and effective tool for childless couple, who were unable to conceive or bear their own child. As, here the child born through this technique would be genetically attached to the biological parents. Most of the couples especially in India, don’t want to go for adoption because it is a long legal process as well as time – consuming. Even in many families adoption is not considered as proper and hence not allowed. So for them, this technology is blessing.

Now when we speak about surrogacy, no doubt this technique of medical science is very much useful for the families or couples for having their own child but along with it, has increased the problem of trafficking of women for becoming surrogate mother as well as egg donor.

Now the question is, whether the changes which are made in the ART Bill, 2016 for the protection of the surrogate mother as well as for the egg donor will actually help to combat this problem? The recent amended bill has brought question regarding the applicability of the ART in genuine cases especially the condition where only a relative can become the surrogate mother. This will be a difficult situation in genuine cases. It’s true that commercialization has brought many problems like trafficking of women/girls for egg donation and surrogacy but it has also helped many poor women to earn some handsome amount for her family. There are many ways by which government can tackle the problem surrogacy trafficking. Like opening a centre where women who willingly want to become surrogate mother or egg donor can register their names.. With the help of this centre only women will be contacted by hospital authority no mediator or agent will come in between. The amount that a surrogate mother or an egg donor is entitled should be fixed by the government so that there would be transparency in terms of monetary transaction among the intended couples, hospital authority and the surrogate mother. This procedure can ensure that people take the benefit of this facility. Proper monitoring is required for this entire procedure. Government can’t take such decisions which will make the entire procedure impossible. Little effort from Government can bring happiness in so many families. Even ICMR can also play an important role while dealing problem related to commercialization of surrogacy. Till now there is no prescribed dosage of synthetic hormone for egg removal process which is another loophole of the present Bill and the previous Bill. It is the duty of the ICMR to mention the prescribed dose of synthetic hormone which is used for egg removal.  Also, every egg removal process should be video recorded with full details of the donor. By doing this, trafficking of girls can be controlled and checked. I think these changes can help many couples, women in need to use this technique for their benefit. Hope Government will soon make changes in the present bill.

Surrogacy Is a Boon and Not Bane if monitored properly by Government Agency as well as by us…………Pyali Chatterjee

Pornography and children - ThatMate

10 things to remember when talking about porn to your kids

Exposure to pornography among adolescents has become so common that it’s been described as a normative experience by experts in child safety and child development. Although boys are much more frequent consumers of porn, many girls check it out at the request of their boyfriends or just out of curiosity. That means all kids need to hear the truth about pornography and how it’s affecting their emerging sexuality.

Conversations about pornography are awkward, no doubt. But it can be part of a larger discussion about  healthy sexual development. As with other “sex talks,” this is not ONE conversation, but an ongoing dialogue throughout adolescence. On average, children first see porn (intentionally or unintentionally) at age eleven (yes, 11). So it’s wise to start these conversations no later than 5th grade. We present our ten conversations as “scripts” that you can use to guide your own chats. We start with simple topics, then move onto more complex conversations that require as much listening as they do talking. By no means are these topics everything you need, but we hope they serve as a springboard for other conversations that will help your child as they navigate the challenges of adolescence.

  1. “Curiosity is normal. There’s nothing wrong with wondering how your body is the same or different from other peoples’ bodies, or even with wondering how sex “works.” Unfortunately, resources are limited, so your go-to is probably the Internet. But if you look online for pictures or videos about sex, you will see things you weren’t expecting—stuff that looks weird, gross and even scary. Some of what you see is called pornography, which is very close up and unrealistic pictures or videos of actors and actresses doing sexual things. It’s about as realistic as pro-wrestling, and most if it is violent and totally NOT the way most people look or behave when they have sex. I want you to have accurate information about bodies and even about sex, so that’s why I don’t want you going online to learn about it. On the Internet, there are no fact-checkers to make sure what’s there is accurate or even appropriate, so you are more likely to get wrong information and see pictures that people put there just to shock or distract people – or really just to make money. I will find some books for you, or show you some pictures that are more realistic, safe, and appropriate.”
  2. “Seeing (and even looking for it) doesn’t make you a bad person. By the end of middle school, most kids have seen porn. Seeing something that gives you “bad” feelings (like guilt, shame, embarrassment, fear) doesn’t make you a bad person. That just makes you a person who did something that didn’t feel “right.” The important thing is that you think about it and decide what’s right for you. That may mean not looking at porn at all, or that may mean looking at it a lot less.”
  3. “Once you see it, you can’t UNSEE it. The creators of pornography know that they have to make porn more and more extreme and weird and twisted to keep people coming back, so you need to know that it will continue to suck you in, if you let it. It’s like watching a scary movie and not being able to get that gory scene out of your head; once you see it, those images will be with you, and they can affect the way you think, behave and experience sex in the future. Those are probably not the images you want to carry with you.”
  4. “When you saw it, how did it make you feel? (breathe & listen…). I think it makes people have mixed up feelings. It can definitely make you feel excited and aroused (horny), but it also makes people feel ashamed, confused, embarrassed, scared, angry, grossed out. Those mixed up feelings are common and that makes a lot of people want to keep their porn viewing a secret because it feels “dark” and like it should be hidden. I don’t believe that’s who you are. Do you?”
  5. “Trying to hide it from me doesn’t do you any good because getting caught is the least of the bad things that can happen to you from watching porn. It can change the way you view women and violence. It can create problems for you sexually. It can become an addiction that consumes your time. It’s more important to me that you learn that it’s not accurate nor helpful, and that you figure out how to stay away from it – especially while you are young and learning about your body, sex, and relationships.”
  6. “What can you say to remove yourself from watching it with friends? If a group of your friends are together and one suggests that you all watch some porn, would you be able to say no or walk out of the room? That’s a hard thing to do especially when your friends may think it’s cool, but let’s think of some things you could say to keep yourself (and maybe even your friends) away from it.”
  7. “It is NOT a “How to” lesson. A lot of teens look at porn just to figure out what they’re supposed to do when it comes to sex. Unfortunately, porn is so inaccurate that it makes you approach sex in a way that isn’t healthy. In fact, mimicking porn pretty much takes the magic away from exploring your sexuality. The truth is that great sex requires sharing your likes, dislikes and boundaries with your partner, and respecting their likes, dislikes and boundaries. There shouldn’t be pressure to “perform,” but to enjoy each other. And that means communication. Sex is supposed to feel good and be enjoyable for BOTH partners. Porn makes it seem like  screaming, violence, and abusive behaviors are normal. Believe me – they’re not the norm; sex is better than that.”
  8. “It can affect how you feel about your body. Just as with models and movie stars, porn stars have bodies and body parts that are not like most people’s and are often surgically or digitally altered. Most porn stars have no body hair at all, super large penises or vulvas that look like a little girl’s. If you’re watching porn, you may believe that your body parts or your body hair are abnormal. Do you realize that pubic hair grooming and “manscaping” was uncommon before porn became widely available in the 1990s? Once again, normal bodies are not what you see in porn, but those altered bodies make people feel less satisfied with their own appearances, especially their genitals.”
  9. “Porn desensitizes you when it comes to violence and promotes the idea that women are playthings or property. That’s because the more you see violence and women being mistreated or even abused, the less bothersome it becomes to you – that’s called desensitization. Men who watch a lot of porn are more likely to think rape is ok and that women enjoy being mistreated. Women who watch porn often find themselves more focused on “performing” and accepting pain during sex rather than expecting to be pleasured and treated respectfully. The ideas & behaviors that come out of porn, can ruin your own sexual experiences.”
  10. “It can become addictive and affect your sexual function. The addictive nature of porn can cause it to consume a lot of your time and your thoughts. If it is preventing you from spending time with friends or family, doing your school work, or other things you used to do, then it’s become a big problem. As a guy, when you masturbate to porn, you’re conditioning your sexual response and performance to be dependent on the extreme things you see in porn, so when you want to enjoy sex with a real person, you may have problems getting an erection and having orgasms. It can be devastating and embarrassing to find yourself with someone you care about but unable to have an erection without the assistance of porn. Getting better usually requires therapy and takes a lot of work on your part. It’s much easier to get help as soon as you recognize that porn is consuming a lot of your time. I will never punish or shame you if you’re asking for help. I’m here to help you.” 

Source: www.girlology.com

Menstruation Matters - ThatMate

ती….तो….आणि तिची मासिक पाळी

ती….तो….आणि तिची मासिक पाळी…!

सगळ्या विश्वाची निर्मिती कुणी केली..?
तर उत्तर येतं…”देवाने…!”
मग पुरुष कुणी निर्माण केले..?
देवाने…
स्त्रीया कुणी निर्माण केल्या…?
देवाने…!
मग स्त्री ची मासिक पाळी कुणी निर्माण केली…?
देवानेच ना…?
जर देवाला मासिक पाळी आवडत नाही तर मग त्याने ती स्त्रीला दिलीच कशाला..?
मासिक पाळी म्हणजे काय…? गर्भधारणा न झाल्याने शरीरातून बाहेर टाकली जाणारी गर्भाची अंतत्वचा…!
गर्भधारणा झाली नाही तर दर महिन्याला 5 दिवस ही क्रिया घडते की जिला आपण मासिक पाळी म्हणतो…!
आता मासिक पाळीत जे रक्त बाहेर पडतं ते अशुद्ध असतं असा एक गैरसमज आहे किंवा या काळात स्त्रीया निगेटिव एनर्जी बाहेर टाकत असतात…असा एक फालतू गैरसमज आहे…
खर तर दर महिन्याला गर्भाशय तयार होतं आणि गर्भधारणा न झाल्याने ते बाहेर टाकलं जातं…मग ते अशुद्ध कसे असेल…?
उलट ज्या ठिकाणी बाळाचं 9 महीने 9 दिवस संगोपन होणारे त्या जागी शरीरातील चांगलच रक्त असेल ना…? की अशुद्ध असेल..?
झाडाला फूल येतं मग त्या फुलाच फळ होतं…
आपण झाडाची फुले देवाला घालतो…कारण देवाला फुले आवडतात…
बाईला मासिक पाळी येते…आणि म्हणून गर्भधारणा होते…
म्हणजे मासिक पाळी जर ‘फूल’ असेल तर गर्भधारणा हे ‘फळ’ झालं..!
देवाला झाडाच फूल चालतं मग मासिक पाळी का चालत नाही..?
मासिक पाळी आलेल्या बाईचा साधा स्पर्श चालत नाही..?
कधी कधी ती घरात धार्मिक कार्यक्रम आहे म्हणून गोळ्या खाऊन पाळी पुढे ढकलते…
की जे सरळ-सरळ निसर्गाच्या विरोधात जाणं आहे…
आणि याचा त्रास तिलाच होतो…
मुळात प्रोब्लेम जो आहे ना तो पुरुषी मानसिकतेत आहे…
तिच्यावर हक्क गाजवला पाहिजे या पुरुषी अहंकाराचा आहे आणि त्या पेक्षा सर्वात जास्त स्वतः स्त्रीच्या मानसिक गुलामगिरित आहे…
या गोष्टींकडे आपण कधी उघड्या आणि वैज्ञानिक दृष्टिकोनाने पाहिलेलच नाहिये…!
मासिक पाळी ही बाईची कमजोरी नसून निसर्गाने बाईला दिलेली ही जास्तीची शक्ती आहे की जी तिला आई बनण्याचे सुख बहाल करते…
आणि कोण आहेत हीे फालतू जनावरं की जी सांगतात ‘ बाईला मासिक पाळीत मंदिरात प्रवेश नाही म्हणून..?’
बाईच गर्भाशय म्हणजे वाटलं काय तुम्हाला..? कोण ही जनावरं की जी सांगतात 10-10 मुलं जन्माला घाला..!
अरे एका बाळंतपणात बाईची काय हालत होते ना ते आधी ‘तुमच्या आईला’ जाऊन विचारा…
पोटाच्या बेंबीपासून ते छातीपर्यन्त 9 महीने 9 दिवस बाईने आणखी एक जीव वाढवायचा…त्याला जन्म द्यायचा..त्याचे संगोपन करायचं…
आणि एवढं सगळं करुन मुलाच्या नावात आईचा साधा उल्लेखही नाही..!
मुळात गडबड आहे ना ती इथल्या सडक्या मेंदूत आहे..!
प्रश्न आहे तो
बाईला केवळ भोगवस्तु म्हणून पाहणाऱ्या इथल्या घाणेरड्या पुरुषी मानसिकतेचा…!
आणि जास्त गडबड आहे ती “तिच्यातच” आहे, कारण तीच स्वतःला समजून घेत नाही…ती कुटुंबाच्या भल्यातच इतकी गुंगते की तिला या गोष्टींवर साधा विचार करायलाही फुरसत नाही…
हे सगळं चालू आहे ते “ती” गप्प आहे…ती विद्रोह करत नाही…ती मुकाट्यांन सहन करते…म्हणून !!!
गरज आहे तिला विद्रोह करण्याची….
इथल्या दांभिक वास्तवाविरुद्ध…
इथल्या सडक्या पुरुषी मानसिकतेविरुद्ध…
इथल्या धर्माच्या अवडंबाविरुद्ध…
आणि गरज आहे त्याने..
तिला समजून घेण्याची…
तिच्या मासिक पाळीला समजून घेण्याची…
तिच्या भावभावनांना समजून घेण्याची…
आणि या विद्रोहात तितक्याच हळुवारपने ‘तिला’ मदत करण्याची…!
मित्रांनो…
विचार तर कराल…?
माझा प्रश्न सर्वांना . . . . .
बाई च्या स्पर्शाने विटाळणारा देव गाई च्या मुञाने कसा काय शुद्ध होतो ? ? ?